Chabad: A Hebrew abbreviation for the words Chochmah, Binah and Da'at, meaning "wisdom, understanding and knowledge." The Chabad philosophy emphasizes mental control over human emotion, and that every worldly component is the result of direct intervention from God.
Shul: The Yiddish word for synagogue. Shul is derived from the German "schule," meaning "school."
Torah: The first five books of the Hebrew Bible, which, according to the Jewish tradition, were dictated to Moses from God.
Talmud: A collection of writings that essentially contain the ethical, historical and philosophical foundations of the Jewish religion.
Siddur: A book containing daily prayers, as well as prayers for the Sabbath, the new moon and different holidays.
Shalom: A Hebrew term used as a greeting. Shalom can be translated to mean "peace," "completeness" or "fullness."
Rabbi: A Jewish spiritual leader. Rabbis are expert in Talmudic scholarship, and provide guidance to their communities.
Hasidism: A combined sect of Orthodox Judaism that emphasizes piety and equality between common people and the learned spiritual elite in terms of innate holiness.
Orthodox:Members of the Jewish faith that closely adhere to strict Talmudic teachings and philosophies.
Purim: A holiday in the Jewish tradition that celebrates the delivery of the Jewish people from slaughter by Queen Ester and Mordacai. It is celebrated by giving charitable donations, the reading aloud of passages from the Scroll of Ester, and wearing masks and costumes.