Bianco: Bianco means white in Italian.
Blanc: Blanc means white in French.
Blends: Blends are wines that are composed of more than one kind of grape. A blend cannot have one kind of grape that accounts for over 75 percent of the wine. Wines are often blended to create a more complex drink. This blending can also produce a wine with a consistent flavor, aroma, and texture.
Bouquet: A wine’s bouquet, or nose, is what it smells like. A wine should smell like more than just grape juice. An aged wine will have a more elaborate bouquet.
Dry: Wines are typically classified as how sweet or dry they are. Wines are considered dry when lack a sugary taste. White wines are usually the sweeter options.
Earthy: The term earthy can be used to describe the flavor or aroma of spirits. Typically, an earthy wine is one that smells natural – like fresh soil and vines. Unfortunately, this term can also be used in a negative fashion, like if the wine tastes or smells dirty.
Finish: A wine’s finish is its aftertaste. A fine wine will have a long lasting and pleasant finish.
Tannins: Tannins occur naturally in wine. They mainly come from the grapes’ skins and seeds. Tannins can be quite bitter so, like acidity, the presence of tannins needs to be carefully balanced. Reds are typically meant to be dry, so tannins are important in these wines. Generally speaking, tannins mellow as a wine ages.
Varietal: Varietal refers to the kind of grape that is used to make a wine. These spirits need to have one type of grape that accounts for at least 75 percent of the wine.
Vintage: A wine’s vintage is simply when it was crafted. Many wines are better after they have aged. Since reds usually have more tannins, they should be aged for a period of time to allow the tannins to mellow. Conversely, sparkling wines should be consumed soon after they are crafted.