Calligraphy: The art of ornate lettering using brushes or pens. Calligraphic art has distinct shapes and specific rules. The pens that are commonly used are traditional nib pens that must be dipped in ink, pens outfitted with ink cartridges and felt tip pens with angled tips.
Macramé: A form of textile craft that uses knotting rather than weaving. Macramé works are made from either hemp, cotton, twine and leather, and were popular in the late 1960s and 70s. Typical macramé projects are wall hangings, jewelry, purses, plant hangers, bikinis and bedspreads.
Fretwork: A type of woodwork that involves the carving of designs, usually with a fretsaw, in wood or metal. The designs are typically latticework of a repeating geometric pattern. Fretwork is typically used in grids, windows and ornamental designs in eighteenth century wood furniture.
Collage: A paper craft and visual art used in visual arts. It involves the integration of various printed paper cuttings (magazine or newspaper), photographs, and textiles onto a canvas.
Papier Mâché: A form of paper sculpting involving the application of paper, typically newspaper which has been dipped in an adhesive solution, to a wire mesh structure. Once the sculpture has dried, it is then painted. Papier mâché is used to make puppets, carnival floats, and theatrical sets.